Amanita pantherina

From DMT-Nexus Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search

Amanita pantherina var. pantherina[1] From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia European Panther

Scientific classification Kingdom: Fungi Division: Basidiomycota Class: Agaricomycetes Subclass: Hymenomycetes Order: Agaricales Family: Amanitaceae Genus: Amanita Species: A. pantherina var. pantherina Binomial name Amanita pantherina var. pantherina (DC. ex Fr.) Krombh. Amanita pantherina var. pantherina Mycological characteristics [2] gills on hymenium [3] cap is flat [4] hymenium is free [5] stipe has a ring and volva link title spore print is white [6] ecology is mycorrhizal

[7][8]edibility: poisonous or psychoactive Amanita pantherina var. pantherina, also known as the Panther cap and False Blusher due to its similarity to the true Blusher (Amanita rubescens), is a species of Europe and western Asia. Contents 1 Description 2 Habitat and distribution 3 Biochemistry 4 See also 5 References 6 External links Description

Cap: 4 – 11 cm wide, Hemispheric at first, then convex to plano-convex, deep brown to hazel-brown to pale ochraceous brown, densely distributed warts that are pure white to sordid cream, minutely verruculose, floccose, easily removable. Viscid when wet, with a short striate margin, The flesh is white, unchanging when injured. Gills: free, close to crowded, white becoming grayish, truncate. Spores: white in deposit, broadly ellipsoid to ellipsoid to elongate, infrequently globose. 8 — 12 × 5.5 — 8 µm. Stipe: 5 – 14 cm long × .6 – 2 cm wide, subcyclindric, somewhat narrowing upward, white, becoming slightly tannish in age, stuffed then hollow, finely floccose becoming smooth above the ring, and with small appressed squamules or creamy floccose material below. The volva is white, becoming gray with age, forming one or sometimes two narrow hoop-like rings just above the bulbous base. The flesh is white, unchanging when injured. Odor: Unpleasant or like raw potatoes Microscopic features: Spores are 8-14 x 6-10 µ, smooth, elliptical and inamyloid.[1] Other than the brownish cap with white warts, distinguishing features of Amanita pantherina include the collar-like roll of volval tissue at the top of the basal bulb, and the elliptical, inamyloid spores. Habitat and distribution

The panther cap is an uncommon mushroom, found in both deciduous, especially beech and, less frequently, coniferous woodland and rarely meadows throughout Europe, western Asia in late summer and autumn.[2] It has also been recorded from South Africa, where it is thought to have been accidentally introduced with trees imported from Europe.[3] It is an ectomycorrhizal fungus, living in root symbiosis with a tree, deriving photosynthesised nutrients from it and providing soil nutrients in return. Biochemistry

Ibotenic acid

Muscimol The European Panther contains the deliriant compounds ibotenic acid and muscimol,[4] but is used as an entheogen much less often than the related Amanita muscaria because of the extremely high levels of these compounds found in the mushroom. It also contains some alkaloids,[5] though these are in non-deadly concentrations.[6] They are however sometimes dried or cooked at a low temperature and ingested.[7][8]

Fungi portal List of Amanita species References

^ Kuo, M. (2005, March). Amanita pantherina. Retrieved from the MushroomExpert.Com Web site: ^ Jordan P & Wheeler S (2001). The Ultimate Mushroom Book. Hermes House. ^ Reid DA, Eicker A (1991). "South African fungi: the genus Amanita" (PDF). Mycological Research 95: 80–95. doi:10.1016/S0953-7562(09)81364-6. Retrieved 2007-11-13. ^ Barceloux D. G. (2008). "41 (Isoxazole-containing mushrooms and pantherina syndrome)" (PDF). Medical toxicology of natural substances: foods, fungi, medicinal herbs, plants, and venomous animals. Canada: John Wiley and Sons Inc.. pp. 298. ISBN 978-0-471-72761-3. ^ Brady L. R., Tyler V. E. (1959). "Alkaloidal fraction of Amanita pantherina" (PDF). Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association (American Pharmaceutical Association) 48: 417. ^ By Michael Wood & Fred Stevens ^ North, Pamela (1967). Poisonous Plants and Fungi in colour. Blandford Press & Pharmacological Society of Great Britain. pp. 114. ^ Aminita muscaria, Amanita pantherina and others by IPCS INCHEM External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Amanita pantherina MushroomHobby -- Amanita pantherina in California and beyond...